ux TAMERLANE 199 treachery, and they were forced to retire to the desert for protection. There they led a life of risk and hardship, Tamerlane and his wife being on one occasion imprisoned by some Turkoman and escaping with difficulty. Tamerlane or " Timur the Lame."—It was during -this perioi that Timur acquired in Sistan his soubriquet of "the Lame" ; and details of the story have been pre- served. In A.H. 764 (1363)5 when wandering in Southern Afghanistan, he received an appeal for help from Jalal-u- Din Mahmud, the Keiani * Prince of Sistan, whose subjects had rebelled. Tamerlane and Amir Husayn immedi- ately accepted the invitation, and with the aid of their veteians three out of seven forts held by the rebels were captured. The latter then submitted to their Prince, pointing out that if Tamerlane were allowed to capture the other forts, Sistan would lie at his mercy. Persuaded by these weighty arguments, Jalal-u-Din collected a force with which he attacked his allies, and although Tamerlane succeeded in breaking the centre 'of 'the Sistan army, he received two arrow wounds, on£ in his arrri and the other in his foot, which was thus permanently lamed. From this he became known as Timu£;./##£, or ." the lame/' two words which in European languages, .have been merged in the euphonious form of Tamerlane.1 The word Timur signifies iron. The Rallying of his Relations and Adherents.—In Timur's Institutes* there is a delightful account of how relations and adherents rallied to his standard during this period. It deserves quotation, if only as revealing the character of the great adventurer. He writes : " I had not yet rested from my devotions, when a number of people appeared afar off; and they were passing along in a line with the hill. And I mounted my horse, and I came behind them, that I might know their condition, and what men they were. They were, in all, seventy horsemen ; and I asked of them saying,c Warriors, who are ye ?' and i Fide Chapter XII. 3 Timur's Memoirs (Malfuzat] and Institutes (Tuxukat) are works the genuineness of which is not universally accepted. Still there is much internal evidence that they were written by the Great Tartar himself, and they are of considerable value and of great interest as showing his ideals and personality.